Integrated grating coupler and power splitter
|Title: ||Integrated grating coupler and power splitter|
||US-9696478 B2 (Granted,
An optical device is provided for coupling an external optical signal into a plurality of on-chip photonic sub-circuits provided on a substrate. The optical device comprises: a planar waveguide layer on the substrate; a diverging grating coupler configured to couple the external optical signal to the planar waveguide layer and to thereby create an on-chip diverging optical beam in the planar waveguide layer; and a plurality of channel waveguides formed in the waveguide layer. Each channel waveguide of the plurality of channel waveguides comprises a waveguide transition structure having a waveguide aperture oriented towards the diverging grating coupler. For each channel waveguide of the plurality of channel waveguides the position and the width of the corresponding waveguide aperture and the angle and the shape of the waveguide transition structure are individually selected to capture a predetermined portion of the on-chip diverging optical beam.
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