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Authors: D. Delbeke, R. Bockstaele, P. Bienstman, R. Baets, H. Benisty
Title: High-Efficiency Semiconductor Resonant-Cavity Light-Emitting Diodes: A Review
Format: International Journal
Publication date: 4/2002
Journal/Conference/Book: IEEE Journal on Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics
Volume(Issue): 8(2) p.189-206
DOI: 10.1109/2944.999172
Citations: 120 ( - last update: 9/6/2024)
71 (OpenCitations - last update: 3/5/2024)
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An overview of highly efficient resonant-cavity light-emitting diodes is presented. First, the basics of dipole emission in planar cavities are reviewed. From these, a number of design rules are derived. We point out some guidelines for comparison of high-efficiency light-emitting diodes, and use these to review the state-of-the-art devices in different material systems and at different wavelengths. We also discuss some advanced techniques based on gratings or photonic crystals to improve the efficiency of these devices.

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