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Authors: P. De Heyn, J. De Coster, P. Verheyen, G. Lepage, M. Pantouvaki, P. Absil, W. Bogaerts, J. Van Campenhout, D. Van Thourhout
Title: Fabrication-Tolerant Four-Channel Wavelength-Division-Multiplexing Filter based on Collectively Tuned Si Microrings
Format: International Journal
Publication date: 8/2013
Journal/Conference/Book: Journal of Lightwave Technology
Volume(Issue): 31(16) p.2785-2792
DOI: 10.1109/jlt.2013.2273391
Citations: 58 ( - last update: 14/7/2024)
32 (OpenCitations - last update: 10/5/2024)
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We demonstrate a robust, compact and low-loss
four-channel wavelength-division multiplexing (WDM) filter based on cascaded double-ring resonators (2RR) in silicon. The flat-top channel response obtained by the second-order filter design is exploited to compensate for the detrimental effects of local fabrication variations and their associated phase errors on the ring-based filter response. Full wafer-scale characterization of a cascaded, four-channel 2RR filter with channel spacing of 300GHz shows an average worst-case insertion loss below 1.5 dB and an average worst-case crosstalk below −18 dB across the wafer, representing a substantial improvement over a firstorder based ring (1RR) design. The robust 2RR filter design enables the use of a simple collective thermal tuning mechanism to compensate for global fabrication variations as well as for global temperature fluctuations of the WDM filter, the WDM laser source, or both. Highly uniform collective heating is demonstrated using integrated doped silicon heaters. The compact filter footprint of less than 50 × 50 µm2 per channel enables straightforward scaling of the WDM channel count to 8 channels and beyond. Such low-loss collectively tuned ring-based WDM filters can prove beneficial in scaling the bandwidth density of chip-level silicon optical interconnects.

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