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Authors: Y. Liang, Mingshan Zhao, Zhenlin Wu, G. Morthier
Title: Investigation of Grating-Assisted Trimodal Interferometer Biosensors Based on a Polymer Platform
Format: International Journal
Publication date: 5/2018
Journal/Conference/Book: Sensors
Download: Download this Publication (1.9MB) (1.9MB)

Abstract

A grating-assisted trimodal interferometer biosensor is proposed and numerically analyzed. A long period grating coupler, for adjusting the power between the fundamental mode and the second higher order mode, is investigated, and is shown to act as a conventional directional coupler for adjusting the power between the two arms. The trimodal interferometer can achieve maximal fringe visibility when the powers of the two modes are adjusted to the same value by the grating coupler, which means that a better limit of detection can be expected. In addition, the second higher order mode typically has a larger evanescent tail than the first higher order mode in bimodal interferometers, resulting in a higher sensitivity of the trimodal interferometer. The influence of fabrication tolerances on the performance of the designed interferometer is also investigated. The power difference between the two modes shows inertia to the fill factor of the grating, but high sensitivity to the modulation depth. Finally, a 2050 2π/RIU (refractive index unit) sensitivity and 43 dB extinction ratio of the output power are achieved.

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