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Authors: P. Schiettecatte, D. Poonia, I. Tanghe, S. Maiti, M. Failla, S. Kinge, Z. Hens, L. D. A. Siebbeles, P. Geiregat
Title: Unraveling the Photophysics of Liquid-Phase Exfoliated Two-Dimensional ReS2 Nanoflakes
Format: International Journal
Publication date: 12/2020
Journal/Conference/Book: Journal of Physical Chemistry C
Editor/Publisher: ACS Publications, 
Volume(Issue): 125(38) p.20993-21002
Location: Gent, Belgium
DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcc.1c05268
Citations: 12 ( - last update: 9/6/2024)
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Few-layered transition-metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) are increasingly popular materials for optoelectronics and catalysis. Among the various types of TMDs available today, rhenium chalcogenides (ReX2) stand out due to their remarkable electronic structure, such as the occurrence of anisotropic excitons and potential direct band gap behavior throughout multilayered stacks. In this paper, we have analyzed the nature and dynamics of charge carriers in highly crystalline liquid-phase exfoliated ReS2, using a unique combination of optical pump-THz probe and broad-band transient absorption spectroscopy. Two distinct time regimes are identified, both of which are dominated by unbound charge carriers despite the high exciton binding energy. In the first time regime, the unbound charge carriers cause an increase and a broadening of the exciton absorption band. In the second time regime, a peculiar narrowing of the excitonic absorption profile is observed, which we assign to the presence of built-in fields and/or charged defects. Our results pave the way to analyze spectrally complex transient absorption measurements on layered TMD materials and indicate the potential for ReS2 to produce mobile free charge carriers, a feat relevant for photovoltaic applications.

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