|M. Gouda, A. Lugnan, J. Dambre, G. V. Branden, C. Posch, P. Bienstman
|Improving the classification accuracy in label-free flow cytometry using event-based vision and simple logistic regression
|IEEE Journal on Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics
|(Optical computing) p.8
|2 (Dimensions.ai - last update: 3/3/2024)
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Event-based cameras are novel bio-inspired vision sensors that do not follow the mechanism of traditional frame-based cameras. In the field of machine learning, the replacement of CMOS cameras with event-based cameras has proved to enhance the accuracy in situations where critical lighting conditions and rapid dynamics are paramount. In this paper, we investigate for the first time the combination of event cameras and extreme learning machines in the context of flow cytometry. Except for the image sensor, the experimental setup is similar to a setup we used in a previous work where we showed that a simple linear classifier can achieve around 10% error rate on background-subtracted cell frames. Here, we show that the the error rate of this simple imaging flow cytometer could be decreased to the order of 10−3 just by making use of the capabilities of an event camera. Moreover, additional benefits like more sensitivity and efficient memory usage are gained. Finally, we suggest further possible improvements to the experimental setup used to record events from flowing micro-particles allowing for more accurate and stable cell sorting.