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Authors: C. Ozdemir, Y. De Koninck, Didit Yudistira, Nadezda Kuznetsova, Marina Baryshnikova, D. Van Thourhout, Bernardette Kunert, Marianna Pantouvaki, J. Van Campenhout
Title: Low Dark Current and High Responsivity 1020nm InGaAs/GaAs Nano-Ridge Waveguide Photodetector Monolithically Integrated on a 300-mm Si Wafer
Format: International Journal
Publication date: 8/2021
Journal/Conference/Book: Journal of Lightwave Technologies (invited)
Editor/Publisher: IEEE, 
Volume(Issue): 39(16) p.5263-5269
DOI: 10.1109/JLT.2021.3084324
Citations: 1 (Dimensions.ai - last update: 24/10/2021)
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Abstract

We report on high-quality InGaAs/GaAs multi-quantum well waveguide photodetectors, monolithically integrated through metalorganic vapor-phase selective-area epitaxial growth and contact metallization in a 300-mm CMOS pilot line. The photodetectors are implemented using the nano-ridge engineering concept, leveraging aspect-ratio trapping in combination with precise control of the nano-ridge cross section dimensions and composition. The InGaAs/GaAs p-i-n nano-ridge photodetectors are shown to achieve high internal responsivities of up to 0.65 A/W at -1 V bias and 1020 nm wavelength. A clear correlation is observed between measured responsivity and contact-plug design, correlating well with simulation models. In addition, a record-low dark current density of 1.98x10-8 A/cm2 and low absolute dark currents of <1 pA are demonstrated, illustrating the high quality of the III-V materials and effective in-situ InGaP surface passivation layers. Initial RF measurements suggest RC-limited photodetection bandwidths in the GHz range. These results illustrate the strong potential of the III-V/Si nano-ridge epitaxy and waveguide device concept, to complement the Silicon Photonics toolbox with high-quality, high-throughput III-V functionality.

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