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Authors: M. Billet, S. Cuyvers, S. Poelman, A. Hermans, S. Seema Saseendra, T. Nakamura, S. Okamoto, Y. Inada, K. Hisada, T. Hirasawa, J. Ramirez, D. Neel, N. Vaissiere, J. Decobert, P. Soussan, X. Rottenberg, G. Roelkens, J. Kjellman, B. Kuyken
Title: Heterogeneous tunable III-V-on-silicon-nitride mode-locked laser emitting wide optical spectra
Format: International Journal
Publication date: 3/2024
Journal/Conference/Book: photonics research (invited)
Editor/Publisher: Optica, 
Volume(Issue): 12(3) p.A21-A27
DOI: 10.1364/PRJ.507560
Citations: 2 ( - last update: 21/7/2024)
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We demonstrate a III-V-on-silicon-nitride mode-locked laser through the heterogeneous integration of a semiconductor optical amplifier on a passive silicon nitride cavity using the technique of micro-transfer printing. In the initial phase of our study, we focus on optimizing the lasing wavelength to be centered at 1550 nm. This optimization is achieved by conducting experiments with 27 mode-locked lasers, each incorporating optical amplifiers featuring distinct multiple-quantum-well photoluminescence values. Subsequently we present a comprehensive study investigating the behavior of the mode-locking regime when the electrical driving parameters are varied. Specifically, we explore the impact of the gain voltage and saturable absorber current on the locking stability of a tunable mode-locked laser. By manipulating these parameters, we demonstrate the precise control of the optical spectrum across a wide range of wavelengths spanning from 1530 nm to 1580 nm. Furthermore, we implement an optimization approach based on a Monte Carlo analysis aimed at enhancing the mode overlap within the gain region. This adjustment enables the achievement of a laser emitting a 23 nm wide spectrum while maintaining a defined 10 dB bandwidth for a pulse repetition rate of 3 GHz.

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