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Integration of photonic design tools

Research Area: Design and Modeling for Integrated Photonics

Main Researcher: Wim Bogaerts

With the advent of nanophotonics, integrated design tools for photonic circuits have become a real need. While already there is a wealth of electromagnetic simulation tools (either rigourous or using approximations) these are often not integrated with design tools.

The aim of this work is to make design tools and simulation tools interoperable where possible to allow for closed-loop optimization of photonic circuits. This includes the simulation of actual fabrication methods, as well as simulation of the optical behaviour.

For the overall interface, we make heavy use of python, as this language offers comprehensive science libraries as well as interfaces to many existing software tools. Also, there is a strong in-house python know-how, with the development of CAMFR, IPKISS and other software tools.

By using a unified refresentation of a photonic structure, the design can be simulated as well as virtually fabricated.
By using a unified refresentation of a photonic structure, the design can be simulated as well as virtually fabricated.

Other people involved:

Related Research Projects


    International Journals

  1. S. Shekhar, W. Bogaerts, L. Chrostowski, J.E. Bowers, M. Hochberg, R. Soref, B.J. Shastri, Silicon Photonics -- Roadmapping the Next Generation, Nature Communications (invited), 15(1), p.article 751 (15 pages) doi:10.1038/s41467-024-44750-0 (2024).
  2. D. Brunner, A. Marandi, W. Bogaerts, A. Ozcan, Editorial: Photonics for computing and computing for photonics, Nanophotonics (invited), 9(13), p.4053-4054 doi:10.1515/nanoph-2020-0470 (2020)  Download this Publication (136KB).
  3. Y. Xing, J. Dong, U. Khan, W. Bogaerts, Correlation between Pattern Density and Linewidth Variation in Silicon Photonics Waveguides, Optics Express, 28(6), p.7961-7968 doi:10.1364/OE.388149 (2020)  Download this Publication (2.2MB).
  4. W. Bogaerts, Y. Xing, U. Khan, Layout-Aware Variability Analysis, Yield Prediction and Optimization in Silicon Photonic Circuits, IEEE Journal on Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics, 25(5), p.paper 6100413 doi:10.1109/JSTQE.2019.2906271 (2019)  Download this Publication (8.1MB).
  5. Y. Ye, D. Spina, D. Deschrijver, W. Bogaerts, T. Dhaene, Time-domain compact macromodeling of linear photonic circuits via complex vector fitting, Photonics Research, 7(7), p.771-782 doi:10.1364/PRJ.7.000771 (2019)  Download this Publication (2.2MB).
  6. U. Khan, Y. Xing, Y. Ye, W. Bogaerts, Photonic integrated circuits design in a foundry+fabless ecosystem, Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics (invited), 25(5), p.paper 8201014 doi:10.1109/JSTQE.2019.2918949 (2019)  Download this Publication (3.6MB).
  7. Y. Ye, D. Spina, W. Bogaerts, T. Dhaene, Baseband Macromodeling of Linear Photonic Circuits for Time-Domain Simulations, Journal of Lightwave Technologies, 37(4), doi:10.1109/JLT.2019.2893545 (2019)  Download this Publication (1.1MB).
  8. Y. Ye, D. Spina, Y. Xing, W. Bogaerts, T. Dhaene, Numerical modeling of a linear photonic system for accurate and efficient time-domain simulations, Photonics Research, 6(6), p.560-573 doi:10.1364/PRJ.6.000560 (2018)  Download this Publication (2.5MB).
  9. W. Bogaerts, L. Chrostowski, Silicon Photonics Circuit Design: Methods, Tools and Challenges, Lasers & Photonics Reviews (invited), 12(4), p.1700237 (29 pages) doi:10.1002/lpor.201700237 (2018)  Download this Publication (2.8MB).
  10. S. Dwivedi, A. Ruocco, M. Vanslembrouck, T. Spuesens, P. Bienstman, P. Dumon, T. Van Vaerenbergh, W. Bogaerts, Experimental Extraction of Effective Refractive Index and Thermo-Optic Coefficients of Silicon-On-Insulator Waveguides using Interferometers, Journal of Lightwave Technology , 33(21), p.4471 - 4477  doi:10.1109/JLT.2015.2476603 (2015)  Download this Publication (854KB).
  11. W. Bogaerts, M. Fiers, P. Dumon, Design Challenges in Silicon Photonics, J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., 20(4), p.1-8 doi:10.1109/JSTQE.2013.2295882 (2014)  Download this Publication (363KB).
  12. M. Fiers, E. Lambert, S. Pathak, P. Dumon, B. Maes, P. Bienstman, W. Bogaerts, Improving the design cycle for nanophotonic components, Journal of Computational Science, 4(5), p.313-324 doi:10.1016/j.jocs.2013.05.008 (2013)  Download this Publication (2.9MB).
  13. D. Vermeulen, Y. De Koninck, Y. Li, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, G. Roelkens, Reflectionless grating couplers for SOI photonic integrated circuits , Optics Express, p.22278-22283 doi:10.1364/OE.20.022278 (2012)  Download this Publication (1.1MB).
  14. M. Fiers, T. Van Vaerenbergh, K. Caluwaerts, D. Vande Ginste, B. Schrauwen, J. Dambre, P. Bienstman, Time-domain and frequency-domain modeling of nonlinear optical components on circuit-level using a node-based approach, Journal of the Optical Society of America B, 29(5), p.896–900 doi:10.1364/josab.29.000896 (2012)  Download this Publication (482KB).
  15. E. Lambert, M. Fiers, S. Nizamov, M. Tassaert, S. G. Johnson, P. Bienstman, W. Bogaerts, Python bindings for the open source electromagnetic simulator MEEP., Computing in Science and Engineering, 13(3), p.53-65 doi:10.1109/mcse.2010.98 (2011)  Download this Publication (1.3MB).
  16. W. Bogaerts, P. Bradt, L. Vanholme, P. Bienstman, R. Baets, Closed-loop modeling of silicon nanophotonics from design to fabrication and back again , Optical and Quantum Electronics, 40(11), p.801-811 doi:10.1007/s11082-008-9265-y (2009)  Download this Publication (309KB).
  17. P. Bienstman, L. Vanholme, W. Bogaerts, P. Dumon, P. Vandersteegen, Python in Nanophotonics Research, Computing in Science & Engineering, 9(3), p.46-47 doi:10.1109/mcse.2007.59 (2007)  Download this Publication (278KB).
    Book / Book Chapter

  1. T. Korthorst, W. Bogaerts, D. Boning, M. Heins, B. Bergman, Photonic integrated circuit design methods and tools, Integrated Photonics for Data Communication Applications (invited), p.335-368 (2023).
    International Conferences

  1. T. Ullrick, D. Deschrijver, W. Bogaerts, T. Dhaene, Wideband Complex Vector Fitting for Modeling Time Delay Variations in Passive Photonic Filters, 32nd IEEE Conference on Electrical Performance of Electronic Packaging and Systems, United States, p.T-II.1 doi:10.1109/EPEPS58208.2023.10314930 (2023)  Download this Publication (1MB).
  2. W. Bogaerts, SC454 Hands on: Silicon Photonics Design - Circuits, Optical Fiber Communication Conference (invited), SC454, United States, (2022)  Download this Publication (12.5MB).
  3. W. Bogaerts, Hands-on: Introduction to Silicon Photonics Circuit Design, Optical Fiber Communication Conference (invited), SC454, United States, (2021)  Download this Publication (19.3MB).
  4. J. Zhang, A. Gocalinksaka, E. Pelucchi, J. Van Campenhout, G. Lepage, P. Verheyen, B. Corbett, G. Roelkens, III-V on silicon widely tunable laser realised by micro-transfer printing, European Conference on Optical Communication, Ireland, p.paper 4459381 (2019)  Download this Publication (598KB).
  5. F. Laporte, J. Dambre, P. Bienstman, Photontorch: Simulation and Optimization of Large Photonic Circuits Using the Deep Learning Framework PyTorch, IEEE Photonics Society Summer Topicals, United States, p.paper WE1.2 doi:10.1109/phosst.2019.8794941 (2019)  Download this Publication (271KB).
  6. W. Bogaerts, Y. Xing, Y. Ye, U. Khan, J. Dong, J. Geessels, M. Fiers, D. Spina, T. Dhaene, Predicting Yield of Photonic Circuits With Wafer-scale Fabrication Variability, 2019 IEEE MTT-S International Conference on Numerical Electromagnetic and Multiphysics Modeling and Optimization (NEMO) (invited), United States, p.1-3 doi:10.1109/NEMO.2019.8853660 (2019)  Download this Publication (1MB).
  7. R. Baets, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, Hands-on: Introduction to Silicon Photonics Circuit Design, Optical Fiber Communication Conference (invited), SC454, United States, (2019).
  8. W. Bogaerts, Hands-on: Introduction to Silicon Photonics Circuit Design, Optical Fiber Communication Conference (invited), SC454, United States, (2018)  Download this Publication (14.3MB).
  9. W. Bogaerts, Scaling Up Silicon Photonic Circuits: Where Are the Challenges?, International Workshop on Optical/Photonic Interconnects for Computing Systems (OPTICS Workshop) (invited), 3, Switzerland, (2017)  Download this Publication (275KB).
  10. W. Bogaerts, Challenges for Designing Large-scale Integrated Photonics, European Conference on Integrated Optics (ECIO) / Workshop on Optical Waveguide Theory an Numerical Modeling (OWTNM) (invited), Poland, p.OWTNM-I-01 (2016)  Download this Publication (268KB).
  11. W. Bogaerts, Silicon Photonics: Designing for Complexity, HiPEAC Computing Systems Week (invited), Italy, (2015).
  12. T. Van Vaerenbergh, M. Fiers, J. Dambre, P. Bienstman, Simulation of nonlinear optical resonator circuits, NUSOD 2014, Spain, p.103-104 doi:10.1109/nusod.2014.6935377 (2014)  Download this Publication (1.6MB).
  13. W. Bogaerts, Design Challenges in Large-Scale Silicon Photonics, Numerical Simulation of Optoelectronic Devices (NUSOD) (invited), Canada, p.TuA1, 63-64 doi:10.1109/nusod.2013.6633125 (2013)  Download this Publication (265KB).
  14. W. Bogaerts, P. Dumon, Merging Silicon Photonics and Electronics: A design challenge, Design Automation Conference, United States, (2013).
  15. W. Bogaerts, Design Challenges in Silicon Photonics, International Symposium on Photonics and Optoelectronics (SOPO2013) (invited), China, (2013)  Download this Publication (209KB).
  16. W. Bogaerts, Y. Li, S. Pathak, A. Ruocco, M. Fiers, A. Ribeiro, E. Lambert, P. Dumon, Integrated design for integrated photonics: from the physical to the circuit level and back , Proc. SPIE 8781, Integrated Optics: Physics and Simulations (invited), Czech Republic, p.878102 doi:10.1117/12.2017761 (2013)  Download this Publication (2.2MB).
  17. W. Bogaerts, P. Dumon, M. Fiers, A. Ribeiro, M. Vanslembrouck, Silicon photonics integrated design, Fiber Optics and Photonics 2012 (invited), India, p.M.2.B.1 doi:10.1364/photonics.2012.m2b.1 (2012)  Download this Publication (2.2MB).
  18. M. Fiers, T. Van Vaerenbergh, K. Caluwaerts, J. Dambre, P. Bienstman, CAPHE: Time-domain and Frequency-domain Modeling of Nonlinear Optical Components, Advanced Photonics Congress, 2012 OSA, United States, p.paper IM2B.3 doi:10.1364/iprsn.2012.im2b.3 (2012)  Download this Publication (339KB).
  19. E. Lambert, M. Fiers, W. Bogaerts, D. Vermeulen, P. Bienstman, A Python Software Framework for the Design of Photonic Integrated Circuits, EuroScipy 2010, France, (2010)  Download this Publication (1.3MB).

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