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Photonic Reservoir Computing

Research Area: Neuromorphic computing enabled by integrated photonics

Main Researcher: Peter Bienstman

Reservoir computing is a recently proposed methodology from the field of machine learning and neural networks, which has been used successfully in several pattern classification problems, like speech and image recognition. However, it has so far been used mainly in a software implementation, which limits its speed and power efficiency. Photonics could provide an excellent platform for such a hardware implementation, because of the presence of unique non-linear dynamics in photonics components due to the interplay of photons and electrons, and because light also has a phase in addition to an amplitude, which provides for an important additional degree of freedom as opposed to a purely electronic hardware implementation.

This research is supported by an ERC starting grant and happens in close collaboration with the Reservoir lab at the Elis department.


Other people involved:

Related Research Projects

PhD thesises

Publications

    International Journals

  1. Michiel Hermans, Miguel C. Soriano, Joni Dambre, P. Bienstman, Ingo Fisher, Photonic delay systems as machine learning implementations, Journal of Machine Learning Research, 16, p.2081-2097 (2015)  Download this Publication (1MB).
  2. M. Fiers, T. Van Vaerenbergh, F. Wyffels, D. Verstraeten, B. Schrauwen, J. Dambre, P. Bienstman, Nanophotonic reservoir computing with photonic crystal cavities to generate periodic patterns, IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks and Learning Systems, 25(2), p.344 - 355 (2014)  Download this Publication (1.8MB).
  3. K. Alexander, T. Van Vaerenbergh, M. Fiers, P. Mechet, J. Dambre, P. Bienstman, Excitability in optically injected microdisk lasers with phase controlled excitatory and inhibitory response, Optics Express, 21(22), p.26182-26191 (2013)  Download this Publication (1.3MB).
  4. T. Van Vaerenbergh, J. Dambre, P. Bienstman, J.A. Levenson, A. Yacomotti, Lumped circuit heat model of photonic crystal membrane nanocavities, IEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics, p.967 - 969  (2013)  Download this Publication (383KB).
  5. T. Van Vaerenbergh, K. Alexander, J. Dambre, P. Bienstman, Excitation transfer between optically injected microdisk lasers, Optics Express, 21(23), p.28922-28932  (2013)  Download this Publication (1.3MB).
  6. T. Van Vaerenbergh, M. Fiers, J. Dambre, P. Bienstman, Simplified description of self-pulsation and excitability by thermal and free-carrier effects in semiconductor microcavities, Physical Review A, 86(6), p.063808 (2012)  Download this Publication (1.3MB).
  7. T. Van Vaerenbergh, M. Fiers, P. Mechet, T. Spuesens, R. Kumar, G. Morthier, B. Schrauwen, J. Dambre, P. Bienstman, Cascadable Excitability in microrings, Optics Express, 20(18), p.20292-20308 (2012)  Download this Publication (3.6MB).
  8. M. Fiers, T. Van Vaerenbergh, K. Caluwaerts, D. Vande Ginste, B. Schrauwen, J. Dambre, P. Bienstman, Time-domain and frequency-domain modeling of nonlinear optical components on circuit-level using a node-based approach, Journal of the Optical Society of America B, 29(5), p.896–900 (2012)  Download this Publication (482KB).
  9. K.T Vandoorne, J. Dambre, D. Verstraeten, B. Schrauwen, P. Bienstman, Parallel reservoir computing using optical amplifiers, IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks, 22(9), p.1469-1481 (2011)  Download this Publication (520KB).
  10. B. Maes, M. Fiers, P. Bienstman, Self-pulsing and chaos in short chains of coupled nonlinear microcavities, Physical Review A, 80, p.033805 (2009)  Download this Publication (1.1MB).
  11. K.T Vandoorne, W. Dierckx, B. Schrauwen, D. Verstraeten, R. Baets, P. Bienstman, J. Van Campenhout, Toward optical signal processing using Photonic Reservoir Computing, Optics Express, 16(15), p.11182-11192 (2008)  Download this Publication (285KB).
      International Conferences

    1. A. Katumba, P. Bienstman, J. Dambre, Photonic reservoir computing for telecom applications, Dynamical systems and brain-­‐inspired information processing, France, (2015).
    2. A. Katumba, P. Bienstman, J. Dambre, Photonic reservoir computing approaches to nanoscale computation, International Conference on Nanoscale Computing and Communication (NANOCOM, United States, (2015)  Download this Publication (202KB).
    3. T. Van Vaerenbergh, M. Fiers, J. Dambre, P. Bienstman, An optical delayline based on excitable microrings, IEEE Photonics Conference, United States, p.118-119 (2014)  Download this Publication (447KB).
    4. T. Van Vaerenbergh, M. Fiers, J. Dambre, P. Bienstman, Simulation of nonlinear optical resonator circuits, NUSOD 2014, Spain, p.103-104 (2014)  Download this Publication (1.6MB).
    5. T. Van Vaerenbergh, M. Fiers, J. Dambre, P. Bienstman, Towards integrated optical spiking neural networks: delaying spikes on chip, Laser Dynamics and Nonlinear Photonics, 2013 Sixth "Rio De La Plata" Workshop on (invited), 1, Uruguay, p.9-12 (2013).
    6. P. Bienstman, K.T Vandoorne, T. Van Vaerenbergh, M. Fiers, B. Schneider, B. Schrauwen, J. Dambre, Using silicon nanophotonics for digital and analog signal processing with reservoir computing, Progress In Electromagnetics Research Symposium (PIERS 2013) (invited), Sweden, p.64 (2013)  Download this Publication (21KB).
    7. Q. Vinckier, F. Duport, A. Smerieri, K.T Vandoorne, P. Bienstman, M. Haelterman, S. Massar, Conception et realisation d'un ordinateur analogique tout optique de type "reservoir" a l’aide d’une cavite optique lineaire passive fonctionnant en lumiere coherente, Horizons de l'optique, France, p.3 (2013)  Download this Publication (293KB).
    8. P. Bienstman, K.T Vandoorne, T. Van Vaerenbergh, M. Fiers, B. Schneider, B. Schrauwen, J. Dambre, Using silicon nanophotonics for digital and analog signal processing with reservoir computing, Horizons de l'optique (invited), France, p.12 (2013)  Download this Publication (235KB).
    9. B. Schneider, J. Dambre, P. Bienstman, Reduction of analogue bandwidth requirement in photonic on-chip reservoir computing , Proceedings of the 2012 Annual Symposium of the IEEE Photonics Society Benelux Chapter, Belgium, p.227-230 (2012)  Download this Publication (527KB).
    10. T. Van Vaerenbergh, M. Fiers, P. Mechet, T. Spuesens, R. Kumar, G. Morthier, K.T Vandoorne, B. Schneider, B. Schrauwen, J. Dambre, P. Bienstman, Characterization of cascadable excitability in a silicon-on-insulator microring, Proceedings of the 2012 Annual Symposium of the IEEE Photonics Society Belenux Chapter, Belgium, p.119-122 (2012)  Download this Publication (471KB).
    11. T. Van Vaerenbergh, M. Fiers, P. Mechet, T. Spuesens, R. Kumar, G. Morthier, K.T Vandoorne, B. Schneider, B. Schrauwen, J. Dambre, P. Bienstman, Self-pulsation and excitability mechanism in silicon-on-insulator microrings , 2012 Asia Communications and Photonics Conference (ACP), China, p.ATh4B.5 (2012).
    12. M. Fiers, K.T Vandoorne, T. Van Vaerenbergh, J. Dambre, B. Schrauwen, P. Bienstman, Optical Information Processing: Advances in Nanophotonic Reservoir Computing , International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (invited), United Kingdom, (2012)  Download this Publication (553KB).
    13. M. Fiers, T. Van Vaerenbergh, K. Caluwaerts, J. Dambre, P. Bienstman, CAPHE: Time-domain and Frequency-domain Modeling of Nonlinear Optical Components, Advanced Photonics Congress, 2012 OSA, United States, p.paper IM2B.3 (2012)  Download this Publication (339KB).
    14. T. Van Vaerenbergh, M. Fiers, K.T Vandoorne, B. Schneider, J. Dambre, P. Bienstman, Towards a photonic spiking neuron: excitability in a silicon-on-insulator microring., 2012 International symposium on Nonlinear Theory and its Applications, Proceedings (NOLTA), Spain, p.767 - 770 (2012)  Download this Publication (1.4MB).
    15. K.T Vandoorne, T. Van Vaerenbergh, M. Fiers, P. Bienstman, D. Verstraeten, B. Schrauwen, J. Dambre, Photonic reservoir computing and information processing with coupled semiconductor optical amplifiers, Fifth ‘RIO DE LA PLATA’ Workshop on Laser Dynamics and Nonlinear Photonics (invited), Uruguay, p.1-3 (2011)  Download this Publication (429KB).
    16. K.T Vandoorne, D. Verstraeten, B. Schrauwen, J. Dambre, P. Bienstman, Delays in photonic reservoir computing with semiconductor optical amplifiers, IEEE Photonics Benelux Chapter Annual Symposium, Belgium, (2011)  Download this Publication (628KB).
    17. K.T Vandoorne, M. Fiers, T. Van Vaerenbergh, D. Verstraeten, B. Schrauwen, J. Dambre, P. Bienstman, Advances in photonic reservoir computing on an integrated platform, International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON) (invited), Sweden, p.Mo.B5.5 (2011)  Download this Publication (363KB).
    18. K.T Vandoorne, M. Fiers, D. Verstraeten, B. Schrauwen, J. Dambre, P. Bienstman, Optical signal processing with a network of semiconductor optical amplifiers in the context of photonic reservoir computing, SPIE Photonics West - OPTO, 7942, United States, p.79420P (2011)  Download this Publication (841KB).
    19. K.T Vandoorne, J. Dambre, D. Verstraeten, B. Schrauwen, P. Bienstman, Delays in photonic reservoir computing with Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers, IEEE Photonics Benelux Chapter Annual Symposium, Netherlands, p.25-28 (2010)  Download this Publication (226KB).
    20. K.T Vandoorne, M. Fiers, D. Verstraeten, B. Schrauwen, J. Dambre, P. Bienstman, Photonic Reservoir Computing: a New Approach to Optical Information Processing, Workshop on "Cognitive and neural models for automated processing of speech and text" 2010 (CONAS), Belgium, (2010)  Download this Publication (97KB).
    21. K.T Vandoorne, M. Fiers, D. Verstraeten, B. Schrauwen, J. Dambre, P. Bienstman, Photonic Reservoir Computing: a New Approach to Optical Information Processing, International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks 2010 (ICTON) (invited), Germany, p.Th.A4.3 (2010)  Download this Publication (274KB).
    22. B. Maes, M. Fiers, K. Huybrechts, G. Morthier, P. Bienstman, Dynamics and Instabilities in Series of Coupled Nonlinear Resonators, ICTON 2009 (invited), Portugal, p.We.C4.3 (2009)  Download this Publication (172KB).
    23. K.T Vandoorne, W. Dierckx, B. Schrauwen, D. Verstraeten, P. Bienstman, R. Baets, J. Van Campenhout, Photonic reservoir computing with coupled semiconductor optical amplifiers, First International Workshop on Optical Supercomputing (OSC 2008), LNCS 5172, Austria, p.46-55 (2008)  Download this Publication (6.4MB).
    24. K.T Vandoorne, P. Bienstman, A photonic implementation of reservoir computing, 12th Annual Symposium of the IEEE/LEOS Benelux Chapter, Belgium, p.195-198 (2007)  Download this Publication (2.5MB).
    25. K.T Vandoorne, P. Bienstman, A photonic implementation of reservoir computing, Proceedings Workshop of the IEEE/LEOS Benelux Chapter, Netherlands, p.25-26 (2007)  Download this Publication (213KB).
    26. K.T Vandoorne, P. Bienstman, R. Baets, A Photonic Implementation of Reservoir Computing, ePIXnet Winter School - Applications of Photonic Integration, Switzerland, p.65 (2007)  Download this Publication (257KB).
        National Conferences

      1. T. Van Vaerenbergh, M. Fiers, K.T Vandoorne, J. Dambre, P. Bienstman, Photonic Reservoir Computing using thermal nonlinearities in microrings, 12th FEA PhD Symposium, (2011)  Download this Publication (147KB).
      2. K.T Vandoorne, P. Bienstman, Photonic reservoir computing with SOAs and delays, FirW Doctoraatssymposium, Belgium, p.139 (2010)  Download this Publication (157KB).

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